Attack on Titan (1-3 stagioni): 88%

L'attacco a Titano spiegato

Filosofia e teoria della stagione 1-3

Attack on Titan Review

In tempi recenti, la cosiddetta "evasione dal carcereIl genere cinematografico "ha catturato l'attenzione del pubblico; pensiamo ad esempio alla La saga di Hunger Games o Maze Runner, entrambi parlano di civili intrappolati all'interno di una società circondata da mura. Per quanto riguarda la recente uscita di un anime, è sufficiente nominare The Promised Neverland (la nostra recensione è qui) in cui un gruppo di bambini viene imprigionato all'interno dell'orfanotrofio di Gracefield House e trattato come foraggio. Un tema comune di queste serie è la disparità di trattamento per raggiungere "l'esterno". Allora, cosa c'è di speciale nel Attacco a Titano (AoT)?

Attack on Titan. Gli elementi per una grande serie.

Aot stagione 1.

La serie anime prodotta da Studio Wit è composto da 3 stagioni. La prima, rilasciata nel 2013 (25 episodi) indagano a fondo il mondo in cui Eren, Mikasa e Armin sono costretti a lottare per la sopravvivenza. L'incubo dei Titani si inserisce nella mente del pubblico fin dal primo episodio. La società gerarchica è divisa da tre muri principali: Muro Maria, Rosa da parete e Muro Sheena. Nel mondo irrazionale di Attack on Titan, la paura di essere uccisi da quelle orrende creature spinge le persone ad accettare ogni situazione, anche la più oscura, pur di avere salva la vita. In una società che scopre continuamente la propria istinto primitivo, anche il protagonista principale è deciso per un percorso di vendetta. L'obiettivo principale diventa "Uccidere tutti i Titani!”

Il nostro trio cresce rapidamente e si unisce alla Reggimento Scout. A questo punto sorgono una serie di interrogativi. Eren è in grado di diventare lui stesso un Titano e la vera natura del Titano viene messa in discussione, e se i giganti non fossero così lontani dalla natura umana?

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Aot stagione 2.

Un numero sempre maggiore di misteri emerge nella 12 episodi della seconda stagione. Ci sono persone che possono trasformarsi in giganti, come Eren e Annie. Tuttavia, una fazione di questi Titani (come Annie) è ostile agli umani. A questo punto il pubblico non sa a chi credere. Eren ha ricevuto dal padre una chiave per accedere al seminterrato dove sono nascoste importanti rivelazioni. In questa stagione, vengono introdotti i componenti del Reggimento Scout, primo fra tutti l'epico Capitano Levi.

Aot stagione 3.

La teoria della cospirazione è confimato quando dinastia reale si scopre che ha ingannato il popolo con un falso re. In quel momento, quando le vere intenzioni della famiglia Reiss diventano chiare, la trama subisce un altro colpo di scena. La terza stagione è il culmine (a questo punto) della serie. L'anime si è evoluto da una serie violenta e piena di splatter a una serie più matura. La lotta pura è bilanciata dall'ispezione psicologica dei personaggi.. The mutual interaction between the characters takes the right time on stage. At this point of the anime, the audience has some elements to understand the facts happened during the previous seasons. However, the “true” evil is not yet defined. Is the enemy really outside the Paradise Island? Or is it among the Scout Regiment?

Attack_on_Titan_wall

Attack on Titan spiega la filosofia.

A society choked by fear.

One of the main characterization of Attacco a Titano is the setting. The references to the Totalitarian Germany are evident. The Titans are elected to the true evil that has to be faced. All the resources whether natual, economical and human need to be spent to win the fight. We know that under the totalitarian regime the creation of the concept of the “external threat” was one of the political aim to achieve the support by the inhabitants of the country.

The social differentiation between people is an artistic blend of the medieval age and the Germany of 1930’s.  The political power is, in reality, exterted by the king through the militaty power. The militaty is divided in three divisions: the Reggimento Scout, which explores outside human territory to hostile areas in a bid for expansion; the Garrison Regiment, which patrols and maintains the Walls, keeping Titans out and acting as the first to engage the Titans if the gate is destroyed; and the Military Police Regiment, the top-ranking soldiers who serve as the personal guards for the CIC and maintain order within the Walls. Moreover, we have to remind the value of the rank inside the regiments.

Military forces impose their will to common people exploting the uniform dress.  The way in which people respect the military, the way children praise the Scout Regiment are the result of a mass propaganda. Only the members of the Scout Regiment are literally freezed and ashamed of the casualties their are forced to face in each mission. The typical elements of a totaliarism is reported in the German-root of names in the Regiments and raised by the proud openings of the anime.

Attack on Titan philosophy

L'influenza di Thomas Hobbes: l'uomo come un lupo per gli altri.

If you want to live you have to fight” that are the world pronounced by Mikasa and becomes one of the underneath motive of the anime series. The world in AoT is a cruel place where only the the strongest are eligible to live. This is a provocative sentiment which lead to a sub-human condition. Humans are located at the same levels of animals since they only respond to their survival instinct (a topic that has been also treated in Kiseiju – Parasite, a review will posted soon). Since humans are merely monsters (not different from the giants), a rule to maintain the order has to be established. Opposed to the Aristotled view of “man as social animal“, according to Hobbes the mankind is a war of all against all, where every single becomes a wolf for every other man.

Vuoi leggere Death Note: a controversial ending (Part 2)?

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Sacrificio per una realizzazione superiore: lo stato etico di Hegel.

In order to contain the ruthlessness of men (remind the Latin proverb “A man is a wolf to another man”), a common sense of “herd” requires to be imposed in people mentality. For this reason, the Titans becomes the perfect scapegoat of all evil. This is a well-known mechanism which as also been referred to in other successful animes (think about Lelouch of the Rebellion [link], for example). But what’s the sneaky trick that make the citizens accept all the decisions of the central government? Here, the concept of ethical state, introduced by Hegel, resides. Hegel’s State is the final culmination of the embodiment of freedom or right. The State subsumes family and civil society and fulfills them. In a Hegelian State, citizens both know their place and choose their place. They both know their obligations and choose to fulfill their obligations. An individual’s “supreme duty is to be a member of the state“. The affirmation of these ideas on people allow to pass from the individual needs of a men to that of a community.

For this fundamental reason, in Attack on Titan the suicide mission of hundreds of man to re-take control of Muro Maria is accepted by the citizens. Even though they knew that the mission has zero possibility to succeded, no one has had the courage to rebel. It’s the celebration of hegelian the state of the highest arbiter of freedom and morality.

Hegel e Hobbes: la distopia di Carl Schmitt.

When the vision of ethical state of Hegel merges with the wicked concept of man in Hobbes, the dystopy society of Carl Schmitt takes place. This thinking was to the base of the modern totalitarianism. The three main elements which are necessary to build a “stable” society.

  • Conflict and Inequality: people are different and differentiated by rank, uniforms and separated by walls. We remember that a inner district is not safer than an outer, as we seen when the female (Annie) giant attacks. Hostility is an intrisic behaviour of mankind (as stated by Hobbes).
  • Clear distinction between friends and enemy: the tailored lie of the external threat to create a nationalistic sentiment.
  • Sovereignty: in the emergency status the “normal” laws can be exceed  and the right freedom suspended.

Attack on Titan Philosophy

Attack on Titan. Osservazioni finali.

Another article character focused is going to continue the analysis of AoT. Remember the words of Erwin “Which is the real enemy?” In the second part of season 2, most of the accepted truth are crumbling down. In fact, as the true nature of Titans is revelaed, also a new state (under Historia Queen) of order is established. Is it true that the real enemy resides outside the Paradis island? Or does it hide inside the Scout Regiment?

La colonne sonora inserted in the episodes are pure adrenaline for the audience. The anime series has evolved through the years and become a more mature and balanced product that has spellbound the wide audience. The drawings have improved a lot from season 1 and only the 3-D representation of the Colossal Titan can leave some perpexities. At this point, the plot seemed to be well-conceived and organic. The mystery box technique drives the audience episode after episode. However, sometimes the increasing number of questions may cause a sense of frustation. On that side, a show like The Promised Neverland is more enjoyable.

On the whole, waiting for season 4 (the final stage), we gave the marks for a must-see series!

Let us know your opinion in the comments!

Le classifiche

Attack on Titan (season 1-3)

COMPLESSITÀ E SIGNIFICATI NASCOSTI (TRAMA)
0%
COERENZA DELLA TRAMA
0%
SUONO E MUSICA
0%
GRAFICA E DISEGNI
0%
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